Casa Asia

Direct Access



Cap_casaasia
Culture > Iran celebrates Noruz, the Persian New Year

Iran celebrates Noruz, the Persian New Year

  • /swf/player.swf?videourl=/media/asset_publics/resources/000/011/127/original/nouruz-Apple_ProRes_422_web.mp4&fotourl=/keyframes/11127.jpg&barcolor=99C1FD&streaming=true

The 20th of March 2010, at 06:48 am (Spanish time), coinciding with the Spring equinox, the new year began for the Islamic Republic of Iran, as well as for all those territories influenced by the Persian Empire, this is: Afghans, Tadzhiks, Kurds, Uzbecs, Parsis of India and Baloch. It is also celebrated in Turkey.




The 20th of March 2010, at 06:48 am (Spanish time), coinciding with the Spring equinox, the new year began for the Islamic Republic of Iran, as well as for all those territories influenced by the Persian Empire, this is: Afghans, Tadzhiks, Kurds, Uzbecs, Parsis of India and Baloch. It is also celebrated in Turkey.

NORUZ means "new day" in Iranian. The usual way of greeting is "saleh noh mobarak" (phonetic transcription of the title).

The celebration of the new year probably has references of the Zoroatrist religion of the rebirth of nature after the winter and the cult to fertility. It is without a doubt the most important tradition of Iran, without religious connotations. Everybody celebrates NORUZ, each person's creed and ethnic group doesn't matter.

Persepolis was built owing to NORUZ, being the favourite place of the King and Queen Achaemenid to celebrate the arrival of the new year. Magnificent bas-reliefs can be seen which represent the several villages under the influence of the Persian Empire talking offerings for the occasion.

Regarding the traditions carried out, we stand out that one month before they have wheat or lentil seeds at their disposal to be germinated, called "sabzeh". It is the symbol of the rebirth of nature, as if we had a piece of grass in every house.

Moreover, a few hours before the beginning of the new year a "haft sin" table is prepared which means table with seven "s"s because seven objects whose name begin with that letter in Persian, and symbolize something: 1) SABZÉ (germinated wheat or lentils decorated with a red ribbon). 2) SIB (apple), desire and beauty. 3) SIR (garlic), health. 4) SOMAG (zumaque) a spice that comes from the paradise tree. 5) SERKÉ (vinegar), and patience before the difficulties of life. 6) SOMBOL (hyacinth), the arrival of spring and 7) SEKKE (golden coins), prosperity and richness.

A copy of the Koran, a mirror and a goldfish bowl with different colour fish is put on the same table.

On the moment of the change of year, the family, with new clothes as the tradition says, is set around the table, greeting the arrival of the new year.

During the following days, the rest of relatives and close friends are visited. On the 13th day after the new year "sisdeh bedar", every family goes out to spend the day, to drive away the bad luck of number 13. Germinated seeds must be thrown into a river or stream, making little knots in the pieces of thread, making new year wishes, such as the fact that it could be the year of their wedding. For the Iranian community that lives far from their country it is an especially important moment, full of emotiveness and hope for the new year.

Text and photograph: Anahita Nasirossadat

Share to Twitter Share to Facebook Share to LinkedIn Share to Google Reader Share to Yahoo Share to delicious Share to NetVibes Share to Digg Share to Menéame Share to La Tafanera Rss

Search at Casa Asia Website
Casa Asia in WWW:
Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr Spotify LinkedIn Foursquare

Agenda

Asia-Pacific Interactive Map

Mapa interactiu d'Àsia-Pacífic
Discover Asia, country by country
Casa Asia
Casa Asia | Social Headquarters | Can Tiana Venue | c/ Bolivia, 56 | 08018 Barcelona | +34 93 368 08 36
Casa Asia Center - Madrid | Palacio de Cañete | Calle Mayor, 69 | 28013 Madrid | +34 91 360 01 94
© CASA ASIA 2016. Legal Terms. Produced by rodest